How to Get Rid of Back Pain
Recurring back pain resulting from improper body mechanics can be prevented by avoiding movements that jolt or strain the back. They can also be prevented by maintaining correct posture and lifting objects properly. Many work-related injuries are caused or aggravated by stressors such as heavy lifting, contact stress (repeated or constant contact between soft body tissue and a hard or sharp object), vibration, repetitive motion, and awkward posture. Here are a few exercises that can help to strengthen your back and rid you of your back pain.
Deadlifts to reduce repetitive motion injuries
This exercise focuses on the core, back, and lower extremity strength. The deadlift is an extremely beneficial exercise to help decrease the risk for back pain or injury when lifting or performing any activity where you forward bend (e.g. gardening/weeding, shoveling, vacuuming). Proper form is extremely important when performing a deadlift, so education prior to lifting weight with this exercise is crucial.
Weight Hip Thrusts for posterior chain work
Similar to a deadlift, this exercise strengthens the posterior chain – muscles throughout the back (hamstrings, gluteal muscles, and spinal stabilizers). Emphasis on proper form is important for this exercise. An important note with this exercise is that the final degrees of hip extension (as seen in the photo below) is arguably the most beneficial portion of the exercise in regards to strengthening. This is due to maximum gluteal and spinal extensor strength required to complete the exercise.
Bent over rows for upper back strength
This exercise is performed with a bar or hand weights and is extremely beneficial in improving upper, mid, and lower back strength. Along with strengthening, this exercise engages the posterior chain muscles. Bent over rows work well in conjunction with deadlifts to help strengthen the shoulder/shoulder blade area all the way down to the lower back and legs.
These three exercises, if able to be done pain-free and with proper form, are all excellent options for anyone looking to decrease their risk for injury with bending and lifting. For any questions regarding the form, frequency and intensity contact your physical therapist.